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Category Archives: Hypertension

Hypertension – Wikipedia

Posted: September 25, 2018 at 5:47 pm

HypertensionSynonymsArterial hypertension, high blood pressureAutomated arm blood pressure meter showing arterial hypertension (shown a systolic blood pressure 158mmHg, diastolic blood pressure 99mmHg and heart rate of 80 beats per minute)SpecialtyCardiologySymptomsNone[1]ComplicationsCoronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, dementia[2][3][4]CausesUsually lifestyle and genetic factors[5][6]Risk factorsExcess salt, excess body weight, smoking, alcohol[1][5]Diagnostic methodResting blood pressure130/80 or 140/90mmHg[5][7]TreatmentLifestyle changes, medications[8]Frequency1637% globally[5]Deaths9.4 million / 18% (2010)[9] Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.[10] High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms.[1] Long-term high blood pressure, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, and dementia.[2][3][4][11] High blood pressure is classified as either primary (essential) high blood pressure or secondary high blood pressure.[5] About 9095% of cases are primary, defined as high blood pressure due to nonspecific lifestyle and genetic factors.[5][6] Lifestyle factors that increase the risk include excess salt in the diet, excess body weight, smoking, and alcohol use.[1][5] The remaining 510% of cases are categorized as secondary high blood pressure, defined as high blood pressure due to an identifiable cause, such as chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the kidney arteries, an endocrine disorder, or the use of birth control pills.[5] Blood pressure is expressed by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressures, which are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively.[1] For most adults, normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100130 millimeters mercury (mmHg) systolic and 6080 mmHg diastolic.[7][12] For most adults, high blood pressure is present if the resting blood pressure is persistently at or above 130/80 or 140/90 mmHg.[5][7] Different numbers apply to children.[13] Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring over a 24-hour period appears more accurate than office-based blood pressure measurement.[5][10] Lifestyle changes and medications can lower blood pressure and decrease the risk of health complications.[8] Lifestyle changes include weight loss, decreased salt intake, physical exercise, and a healthy diet.[5] If lifestyle changes are not sufficient then blood pressure medications are used.[8] Up to three medications can control blood pressure in 90% of people.[5] The treatment of moderately high arterial blood pressure (defined as > 160/100 mmHg) with medications is associated with an improved life expectancy.[14] The effect of treatment of blood pressure between 130/80mmHg and 160/100mmHg is less clear, with some reviews finding benefit[7][15][16] and others finding unclear benefit.[17][18][19] High blood pressure affects between 16 and 37% of the population globally.[5] In 2010 hypertension was believed to have been a factor in 18% of all deaths (9.4 million globally).[9] Hypertension is rarely accompanied by symptoms, and its identification is usually through screening, or when seeking healthcare for an unrelated problem. Some with high blood pressure report headaches (particularly at the back of the head and in the morning), as well as lightheadedness, vertigo, tinnitus (buzzing or hissing in the ears), altered vision or fainting episodes.[20] These symptoms, however, might be related to associated anxiety rather than the high blood pressure itself.[21] On physical examination, hypertension may be associated with the presence of changes in the optic fundus seen by ophthalmoscopy.[22] The severity of the changes typical of hypertensive retinopathy is graded from IIV; grades I and II may be difficult to differentiate.[22] The severity of the retinopathy correlates roughly with the duration or the severity of the hypertension.[20] Hypertension with certain specific additional signs and symptoms may suggest secondary hypertension, i.e Continue reading

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Hypertension: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

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High Blood Pressure | Hypertension | MedlinePlus

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What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Continue reading

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Hypertension – Medscape Reference

Posted: September 22, 2018 at 6:44 pm

Benjamin EJ, Blaha MJ, Chiuve SE, et al, for the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2017 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation Continue reading

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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Symptoms … – OnHealth

Posted: September 21, 2018 at 7:43 am

What Is Hypertension? Hypertension is high blood pressure, a very common condition in older adults. Continue reading

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Vitamin D and hypertension

Posted: September 8, 2018 at 12:45 pm

Summary Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. High blood pressure causes your arteries to stretch beyond normal. Continue reading

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Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Charts, Symptoms, Diet …

Posted: September 2, 2018 at 7:47 am

What is high blood pressure? What is normal blood pressure Continue reading

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Hypertension | pathology | Britannica.com

Posted: August 26, 2018 at 12:45 am

Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, condition that arises when the blood pressure is abnormally high. Hypertension occurs when the bodys smaller blood vessels (the arterioles) narrow, causing the blood to exert excessive pressure against the vessel walls and forcing the heart to work harder to maintain the pressure. Although the heart and blood vessels can tolerate increased blood pressure for months and even years, eventually the heart may enlarge (a condition called hypertrophy) and be weakened to the point of failure Continue reading

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High blood pressure (hypertension) – Diagnosis and treatment …

Posted: July 31, 2018 at 7:50 pm

Diagnosis To measure your blood pressure, your doctor or a specialist will usually place an inflatable arm cuff around your arm and measure your blood pressure using a pressure-measuring gauge. A blood pressure reading, given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), has two numbers Continue reading

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List of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Medications (259 …

Posted: July 26, 2018 at 1:48 pm

lisinopril Rx D N 418reviews 5.0 Generic name:lisinopril systemic Brand names: Prinivil, Zestril, Qbrelis Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 4.0 Generic name:amlodipine systemic Brand name: Norvasc Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 5.0 Generic name:losartan systemic Brand name: Cozaar Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:metoprolol systemic Brand names: Metoprolol Succinate ER, Lopressor, Metoprolol Tartrate, Toprol-XL, Kapspargo Sprinkle showall Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 5.0 Generic name:hydrochlorothiazide systemic Brand names: Aquazide H, Esidrix, Microzide Drug class: thiazide diuretics For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 4.0 Generic name:amlodipine systemic Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 7.0 Generic name:olmesartan systemic Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:metoprolol systemic Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects 7.0 Generic name:atenolol systemic Brand name: Tenormin Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 5.0 Generic name:irbesartan systemic Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:losartan systemic Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:nebivolol systemic Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:valsartan systemic Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:metoprolol systemic Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:metoprolol systemic Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph 6.0 Generic name:furosemide systemic Brand name: Lasix Drug class: loop diuretics For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:furosemide systemic Drug class: loop diuretics For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 4.0 Generic name:carvedilol systemic Brand names: Coreg, Coreg CR Drug class: non-cardioselective beta blockers For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 9.0 Generic name:enalapril systemic Continue reading

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