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Category Archives: Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis – Wikipedia

Posted: August 14, 2018 at 7:49 am

Ulcerative colitisEndoscopic image of a colon affected by ulcerative colitis. The internal surface of the colon is blotchy and broken in places.SpecialtyGastroenterologySymptomsAbdominal pain, diarrhea mixed with blood, weight loss, fever, anemia[1]ComplicationsMegacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, colon cancer[1][2]Usual onset1530 years or > 60 years[1]DurationLong term[1]CausesUnknown[1]Diagnostic methodColonoscopy with tissue biopsies[1]Differential diagnosisDysentery, Crohn’s disease, ischemic colitis[3]TreatmentDietary changes, medication, surgery[1]MedicationSulfasalazine, mesalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, biological therapy[1]FrequencyUp to 5 per 1000 people[4]Deaths47,400 together with Crohn’s (2015)[5] Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.[1][6] The primary symptom of active disease is abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood.[1] Weight loss, fever, and anemia may also occur.[1] Often symptoms come on slowly and can range from mild to severe.[1] Symptoms typically occur intermittently with periods of no symptoms between flares.[1] Complications may include megacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, and colon cancer.[1][2] The cause of UC is unknown.[1] Theories involve immune system dysfunction, genetics, changes in the normal gut bacteria, and environmental factors.[1][7] Rates tend to be higher in the developed world with some proposing this to be the result of less exposure to intestinal infections, or to a Western diet and lifestyle.[6][8] The removal of the appendix at an early age may be protective.[8] Diagnosis is typically by colonoscopy with tissue biopsies.[1] It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn’s disease and microscopic colitis.[1] Dietary changes, such as maintaining a high-calorie diet or lactose-free diet, may improve symptoms.[1] Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biological therapy.[1] Removal of the colon by surgery may be necessary if the disease is severe, does not respond to treatment, or if complications such as colon cancer develop.[1] Removal of the colon and rectum can cure the disease.[1][8] Together with Crohn’s disease, about 11.2 million people were affected as of 2015.[9] Each year it newly occurs in 1 to 20 per 100,000 people, and 5 to 500 per 100,000 individuals are affected.[6][8] The disease is more common in North America and Europe than other regions.[8] Often it begins in people aged 15 to 30 years, or among those over 60.[1] Males and females appear to be affected in equal proportions.[6] It has also become more common since the 1950s.[6][8] Together, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease affect approximately a million people in the United States.[10] With appropriate treatment the risk of death appears the same as that of the general population.[2] The first description of ulcerative colitis occurred around the 1850s.[8] The clinical presentation[13] of ulcerative colitis depends on the extent of the disease process. Continue reading

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Ulcerative colitis – Wikipedia

Posted: August 13, 2018 at 7:43 am

Ulcerative colitisEndoscopic image of a colon affected by ulcerative colitis. The internal surface of the colon is blotchy and broken in places.SpecialtyGastroenterologySymptomsAbdominal pain, diarrhea mixed with blood, weight loss, fever, anemia[1]ComplicationsMegacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, colon cancer[1][2]Usual onset1530 years or > 60 years[1]DurationLong term[1]CausesUnknown[1]Diagnostic methodColonoscopy with tissue biopsies[1]Differential diagnosisDysentery, Crohn’s disease, ischemic colitis[3]TreatmentDietary changes, medication, surgery[1]MedicationSulfasalazine, mesalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, biological therapy[1]FrequencyUp to 5 per 1000 people[4]Deaths47,400 together with Crohn’s (2015)[5] Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.[1][6] The primary symptom of active disease is abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood.[1] Weight loss, fever, and anemia may also occur.[1] Often symptoms come on slowly and can range from mild to severe.[1] Symptoms typically occur intermittently with periods of no symptoms between flares.[1] Complications may include megacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, and colon cancer.[1][2] The cause of UC is unknown.[1] Theories involve immune system dysfunction, genetics, changes in the normal gut bacteria, and environmental factors.[1][7] Rates tend to be higher in the developed world with some proposing this to be the result of less exposure to intestinal infections, or to a Western diet and lifestyle.[6][8] The removal of the appendix at an early age may be protective.[8] Diagnosis is typically by colonoscopy with tissue biopsies.[1] It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn’s disease and microscopic colitis.[1] Dietary changes, such as maintaining a high-calorie diet or lactose-free diet, may improve symptoms.[1] Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biological therapy.[1] Removal of the colon by surgery may be necessary if the disease is severe, does not respond to treatment, or if complications such as colon cancer develop.[1] Removal of the colon and rectum can cure the disease.[1][8] Together with Crohn’s disease, about 11.2 million people were affected as of 2015.[9] Each year it newly occurs in 1 to 20 per 100,000 people, and 5 to 500 per 100,000 individuals are affected.[6][8] The disease is more common in North America and Europe than other regions.[8] Often it begins in people aged 15 to 30 years, or among those over 60.[1] Males and females appear to be affected in equal proportions.[6] It has also become more common since the 1950s.[6][8] Together, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease affect approximately a million people in the United States.[10] With appropriate treatment the risk of death appears the same as that of the general population.[2] The first description of ulcerative colitis occurred around the 1850s.[8] The clinical presentation[13] of ulcerative colitis depends on the extent of the disease process Continue reading

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Ulcerative colitis – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic

Posted: August 6, 2018 at 10:44 pm

OverviewIBD blogRead Mayo’s IBD blog, discussing the latest advances in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis (UL-sur-uh-tiv koe-LIE-tis) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers (sores) in your digestive tract Continue reading

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Ulcerative Colitis Diet Plan: 19 Foods to Avoid

Posted: at 10:44 pm

What is ulcerative colitis? Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic condition that causes inflammation of the large intestine (colon) and the rectum and sores (ulcers) on the inner lining of the large intestine. Ulcerative colitis is thought to be an autoimmune disease, that is, one where the body attacks itself. Continue reading

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Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Posted: at 10:44 pm

What is Ulcerative Colitis? Ulcerative colitis is a disease in which there is chronic inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Continue reading

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What is Ulcerative Colitis | Inflammatory Bowel Disease …

Posted: at 12:41 am

If you or someone you love have recently been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, its important to begin learning as much as you can about what ulcerative colitis is. Continue reading

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Ulcerative colitis – Diagnosis and treatment – Mayo Clinic

Posted: at 12:41 am

Diagnosis Your doctor will likely diagnose ulcerative colitis after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. To help confirm a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis, you may have one or more of the following tests and procedures: Ulcerative colitis treatment usually involves either drug therapy or surgery. Several categories of drugs may be effective in treating ulcerative colitis. Continue reading

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List of Ulcerative Colitis Medications (53 Compared …

Posted: August 2, 2018 at 6:50 am

Lialda Rx B N 18reviews 7.0 Generic name:mesalamine systemic Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 7.0 Generic name:mesalamine systemic Brand names: Lialda, Apriso, Asacol, Pentasa, Asacol HD, Delzicol, Rowasa showall Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:azathioprine systemic Brand names: Imuran, Azasan Drug class: antirheumatics, other immunosuppressants For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 7.0 Generic name:infliximab systemic Drug class: antirheumatics, TNF alfa inhibitors For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:mesalamine systemic Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 4.0 Generic name:sulfasalazine systemic Brand names: Azulfidine, Sulfazine, Azulfidine EN-tabs Drug class: antirheumatics, 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 7.0 Generic name:balsalazide systemic Brand names: Colazal, Giazo Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:mesalamine systemic Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:adalimumab systemic Drug class: antirheumatics, TNF alfa inhibitors For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:azathioprine systemic Drug class: antirheumatics, other immunosuppressants For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 7.0 Generic name:mesalamine systemic Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 7.0 Generic name:mesalamine systemic Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 9.0 Generic name:mesalamine systemic Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:budesonide systemic Brand name: Uceris Drug class: inhaled corticosteroids, glucocorticoids For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 5.0 Generic name:budesonide systemic Drug class: glucocorticoids For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information 6.0 Generic name:balsalazide systemic Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 5.0 Generic name:vedolizumab systemic Drug class: selective immunosuppressants For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph Generic name:hydrocortisone systemic Brand names: Cortenema, Colocort, Cortef, Solu-Cortef showall Drug class: glucocorticoids For consumers: dosage, interactions, For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information 7.0 Generic name:infliximab systemic Brand names: Remicade, Inflectra, Ixifi, Renflexis showall Drug class: antirheumatics, TNF alfa inhibitors Continue reading

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Ulcerative Colitis in Adults | American College of …

Posted: July 24, 2018 at 9:42 am

Asher Kornbluth, MD1, David B. Sachar, MD, MACG1 and The Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology 1Dr Continue reading

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Ulcerative Colitis | ACG Patients

Posted: July 23, 2018 at 7:44 am

Medical treatment of ulcerative colitis generally focuses on two separate goals: the induction of remission (making a sick person well) and the maintenance of remission (keeping a well person from getting sick again). Surgery is also a treatment option for UC and will be discussed separately. Continue reading

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