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Category Archives: Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Treatment for Cerebral Palsy

Posted: December 16, 2017 at 7:41 pm

Treating Cerebral Palsy is almost as complex as the condition is, and theres no cookie-cutter approach because each individual is affected differently. Although the brain injury that causes Cerebral Palsy cannot be healed, the resulting physical impairment can be managed with a wide range of treatments and therapies. Although there is no universal protocol developed for all cases, a persons form of Cerebral Palsy, extent of impairment, and severity level help to determine care.

While therapy and adaptive equipment are the primary treatment protocol for Cerebral Palsy, an individual may also require drug therapy and surgical interventions. Some families, with caution and physician guidance, turn to complementary and alternative medicine for additional assistance.

Although each medical specialist may have specific care goals related to their specialty and the individuals unique condition, the overriding treatment goal for those with Cerebral Palsy is to:

Conventional treatment methods involve systems, practices and products that have been researched, tested and approved by the medical community as acceptable forms of treatment. Complementary medicine differs from conventional as it has not yet been fully tested or approved, but may be under consideration. Complementary medicine, when used under doctor supervision, can be used as a complement to an existing treatment plan. Alternative medicine is a treatment method that is used to replace conventional medicine.

There are risks involved in using complementary or alternative forms of medicine so anyone considering a CAM should consult with their doctor before engaging in these forms of treatment.

The childs physical impairment is considered his or her primary condition. The primary physical impairment may involve challenges with muscle tone, reflexes, posture, balance, fine motor functioning, gross motor functioning and oral motor functioning. These conditions can, in turn, create secondary conditions that also require treatment. Management of the Cerebral Palsy is further complicated by co-mitigating factors not caused by the same brain injury that caused Cerebral Palsy, but that still exists in the child as a separate condition requiring simultaneous treatment.

For example, the childs Cerebral Palsy may cause a problem with facial muscle control and coordination. This would be considered a primary condition. Due to the lack in facial muscle control, the child may find it difficult to chew, swallow, or communicate, which are secondary conditions. In addition, a child may have an unrelated condition, such as asthma, which would be considered a co-mitigating factor.

Cerebral Palsy varies in type, location and severity of impairment. The childs primary care physician, usually the pediatrician, will assess the childs overall health to develop a comprehensive treatment plan to meet the unique needs of the child while taking into consideration the family dynamics. A comprehensive treatment plan is required to coordinate care of all conditions primary, secondary, associative and co-mitigating conditions. Due to the variety of conditions that need to be addressed, a treatment plan usually involves a multidisciplinary team of medical specialists working closely with the childs pediatrician to establish and accomplish care goals. Parents or legal guardians work closely with the multi-disciplinary team.

A comprehensive treatment plan takes the childs abilities into consideration, as well as his or her socio-economic situation and home care dynamics. Health insurance coverage is important and can be obtained through government sources, employer benefit programs, or private providers. Many avenues of government assistance, community support, and professional services are designed to assist in fulfillment of these needs, while the public education system is mandated by the government to accommodate a childs special needs throughout his or her school-age years and transition to adulthood.

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Treatment for Cerebral Palsy

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Cerebral Palsy Treatment – What Treatment Works Best?

Posted: at 7:41 pm

Treatment for cerebral palsy is multifaceted, often requiring multiple doctors and therapies. Early treatment usually has the greatest chance of improving a childs condition.Understanding Cerebral Palsy Treatment

The purpose of treatment for cerebral palsy is to promote the most normal, manageable and healthy life possible.

This is accomplished through treatments that allow people with cerebral palsy to maximize their independence in daily life.

Because every diagnosis is different, treatments vary greatly based on the individual.

The type of treatments used depends on the patients:

No two people receive the same treatment for cerebral palsy. Treatment encompasses short-term and management approaches to all the specific conditions that a child may face. This could involve medications, physical therapy, surgery and more.

The needs of a child with cerebral palsy arent solely based on correcting their physical disabilities. There are also social and emotional aspects of living a more fulfilling life. These aspects shouldnt be ignored when considering treatment and therapy.

Many children are content with their disabilities. As a parent, its important to consider their feelings. Some treatments can be stressful and uncomfortable, and may not be in the best interest of the child. Its important to discuss the physical and emotional impacts of all treatments with specialists and most importantly, the child.

Managing all aspects of a childs unique diagnosis is essential for successful comprehensive treatment.Well-rounded treatment approaches require a team of multidisciplinary specialists, usually with a pediatrician at the center of the group.

Pediatricians are generalists who manage the treatment plan, recognize specific issues and recommend specialists who can treat those issues. Each specialist uses ongoing treatment and assessments to ensure that all areas of the childs development are proceeding as normally as possible.

Types of specialists a child with cerebral palsy may require include:

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Physical therapy is typically the first, and most important, step toward treating cerebral palsy. It usually begins at a young age and is geared toward improving independent motor function. The types of physical therapies used for children depend on their specific movement problems and symptoms that coincide with cerebral palsy.

Physical therapy can improve:

Before physical therapy begins, the therapist takes an assessment of the childs motor capabilities. This helps determine the most appropriate measures for therapy. After evaluating the child, the therapist will prescribe strength training exercises, stretches and muscle relaxing techniques based on the childs needs.

Exercise equipment includes weights, resistance bands, balance balls and machines to improve muscle tone. Hot and cold packs are often used to help relax and heal muscles.

Scoliosis (spinal curvature) and shortened achilles tendons are some specific movement and posture issues that are treated with physical therapy. Physical therapy is an important prevention measure, as these issues can get worse over time. Proper treatment of the above conditions can also improve the chance of a child walking independently.

Many specialists recommend starting physical therapy as early as possible to prevent future complications like contracturesa shortening of muscles and tendons that can be painful and is common in spastic cerebral palsy. Strength training exercises are also helpful for children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy who have loose muscles and may experience atrophy.

Orthotics are devices used to train major muscle groups and are often a part of physical therapy. Splints, braces and casts may be used to assist children with high or low muscle tone. For example, children with scoliosis are often fitted with a plastic brace to correct curvature of the spine as they grow. These devices encourage mobility, balance and proper growth.

Occupational therapy helps children with cerebral palsy improve fine motor skills. In general, physical therapy is used to improve gross motor function, but it doesnt focus on fine motor function. People with cerebral palsy struggle with coordinating these skills for tasks such as grasping a spoon and bringing it to their mouth. But occupational therapists often work with physical and speech therapists to build a complete therapy plan.

Occupational therapists evaluate a childs needs by testing his or her fine motor skills, perception and oral motor skills. By observing how the child responds to touch and movements, the therapist can determine a treatment plan. The treatment plan typically involves positioning, reaching, grasping and releasing.

Occupational therapy can help with activities such as:

These skills are important for a child to develop the ability to be independent. Occupational therapy for children usually involves a form of play to keep them motivated.

Many children with cerebral palsy have sensory impairments that make movement difficult. Our senses help us recognize changes in temperature, feel pain and to be aware of the space around us. Senses, such as touch and balance, are important for motor skills like picking up objects and walking.

Other senses, such as proprioception, allow people to know the location of their own body parts; being able to touch your finger to the tip of your nose is an example of the proprioceptive sense. Sensory impairments make it hard to develop movement skills, and occupational therapists help children work through these impairments.

Birth injuries can also affect the parts of the brain that control speech and the muscles that allow us to speak. Many children with CP have issues with speech due to their birth injury. Speech therapy can teach children how to pronounce certain words and communicate more effectively.

Speech therapists can diagnose speech issues and help improve language skills. They can also help with other skills, such as breathing and eating, because these issues involve the muscles in the mouth and face.

Speech therapy also tackles problems that affect a childs ability to eat. Many children with CP struggle to maintain a healthy weight because its hard to chew or swallow food. Oral motor exercises can improve the ability to chew and swallow food effectively.

Speech therapists also work with other therapists. For example, a speech therapist and an occupational therapist can help children with drooling problems due to low muscle tone in the face and mouth.

People with cerebral palsy are often prescribed various medications to help manage their condition. Medications can help manage both movement issues and secondary conditions that develop due to cerebral palsy. The types of medications to treat these conditions range from antidepressants for seizures to nerve blocks for spasticity. To prevent unnecessary side effects, doctors weigh the pros and cons of these medications before prescribing them.

Common conditions treated with medication include:

There are multiple surgical treatments that can help correct movement problems in children with cerebral palsy. However, parents should keep in mind that surgery isnt right for every child with cerebral palsy.

Surgery is most commonly prescribed for those with spastic cerebral palsy because their increased muscle tone can be reduced to relieve restricted movement. For example, a child who walks on their toes due to high muscle tone in their legs can have those muscles or tendons lengthened, allowing for more normal walking.

Surgeries that can improve mobility in children with high muscle tone include:

Surgery is most effective when the child is old enough that doctors can determine where their movement issues are stemming from but young enough that there is still time to correct movement. This window is usually between 3-8 years of age.

Surgery may also be used to treat other conditions associated with cerebral palsy, such as hearing impairment and difficulties with feeding.

Many children with cerebral palsy develop co-occurring conditions as a result of their brain injury or movement problems. Each of these conditions must be treated as vigilantly as the childs movement issues to ensure they get the best quality of life possible.

Seizures are a disorder characterized by convulsions and sometimes a loss of consciousness. Approximately 41 percent of children with cerebral palsy have seizures. As with cerebral palsy, seizures come in varying levels of severity. Each case requires a specific approach to management. This requires surgery in some instances, but medication is the most common treatment.

Cerebral palsy itself does not affect intelligence. It is strictly a movement disorder. However, the brain injuries that cause CP can sometimes damage parts of the brain responsible for cognition. Some estimates suggest 25 to 60 percent of children with CP have a form of mental retardation. Estimates vary because some children with CP cant speak or control their bodies well enough to complete an IQ test. The severity of these intellectual disability also varies. Treatment usually involves a combination of medication and behavioral therapy.

This is a rare condition characterized by an unusual buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the skull. CSF has several functions, including nourishing the brain and removing waste from its surface. The buildup of CSF causes a disproportional increase in the size of the head that may be fatal. It is treated by implanting valves that allow excess CSF to drain off. The incidence of hydrocephalus is approximately less than two thousandths of a percent for every birth in the country, according to some estimates.

The gastrointestinal system is complex and includes the stomach, intestines, esophagus and liver. The gastrointestinal system relies on a variety of muscles to work effectively. Children with problems chewing and swallowing often require therapy to learn how to eat effectively. Acid reflux is also a problem because the lower muscle in the esophagus isnt strong enough to keep food in the stomach. Untreated acid reflux can be serious for children with CP. It can lead to complications such as pneumonia or esophagitis. Acid reflux can usually be controlled with special eating techniques and medication, but may require surgery in severe circumstances.

Urinary tract infections are very common in children with cerebral palsy. Children with CP often struggle with bladder control and constipation because these movements require the coordination of multiple muscle groups. Many children soil themselves frequently because of a lack of normal muscle control. Parents can help prevent urinary infections by giving frequent baths and diaper changes.

Brain injuries before, during or after birth may also cause vision or hearing loss. Damage to the motor cortex can cause problems with sight. Treatment may involve removing cataracts, correcting crossed eyes or simply prescribing glasses. Up to 15 percent of children with cerebral palsy have a hearing impairment. Hearing issues are treated with surgery or hearing aids.

Children with athetoid cerebral palsy may experience dental issues. The inability to control muscle movement in the mouth can cause problems such as overbites, underbites, tooth decay and enamel defects.

To learn more about your treatmentoptions, try downloading our free Cerebral Palsy Guide, which includes over 60 pages of in-depth information for children and parents of a child with CP.

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Cerebral Palsy | What Are the Symptoms, Causes …

Posted: at 7:41 pm

The mission of Cerebral Palsy Group is simple: to educate and support those who live with a CP diagnosis. To do so, we have created a resource where anyone can learn more about the symptoms and causes of muscular disorders and find resources and support for assessment and comparison of treatment options and technologies. We strive to cover everything from traditional approaches to cutting-edge research.

Any type of disability diagnosis raises difficult questions about long-term plans for those affected. Uncertainty and fear of the unknown can cause a ripple effect of stress throughout a family. Our goal is to break through the confusion and make it easier for parents to seek appropriate care.

For those who play an active role in a childs development, nothing is more critical than defining and identifying the symptoms of CP as quickly as possible. The sooner that families are educated on cerebral palsy, the sooner both health professionals and loved ones can start working toward a better life for the affected child.

The Cerebral Palsy Group helps you understand what to look for and explains the underlying causes behind possible symptoms and behaviors. When you need answers, weve created ways for you to get information (and hope) at any hour of the day.

Though it may look a little bit different, the future is bright for those with Cerebral Palsy. Our focus is on bringing to light the mechanisms of the disability in hopes that education can help affected families plan for this future.

Children may develop muscle disorders for any number of reasons, including birth injury or trauma. Experts are still struggling to understand the full scope of these disorders. Our goal is to continue to bring you the most up-to-date information from trusted sources as it becomes available.

This resource goes beyond the physical aspects of the condition. Emotional well-being is also key to treatment. Those living with cerebral palsy may face social stigmas, bullying or other related pressures. Coping skills and behavioral techniques can be taught as lifelong tools to handle these concerns. We give you the means to learn more about the different options available, so you can make smart decisions from the start.

Nothing compares to having a safety net, which is what our group is always striving to be for you. We offer a space for families to read about any and all concerns. We strive to provide the network that will point the way toward a more positive life for the child with CP and his or her family. For instance, physical therapy is a proven way for those with CP to gain more muscle strength and control, so children can feel more empowered in daily life. Behavioral therapy is also an excellent option for children with emotional roadblocks when confronting limitations. There is always something that can be done to aid a child living with cerebral palsy, and our work here is geared toward helping you find it.

Whether you want to know about the different muscle groups in the body or you want to engage in more therapeutic daily routines, we work to offer the expertise you need with the compassion you deserve.

It can often be difficult to know when and if you are making the right decisions for your child or loved one. It is our mission to help you be confident every step of the way.

By advocating for those with cerebral palsy, we seek to give them their best chance to be productive members of the community. It is important to us that public perception of those with disabilities shifts. It is key to show that individuality is still first and foremost, and this disability is not all-consuming.

Support is important. It is our hope that finding a resource on the future you may be facing can help ease your anxieties and help you to feel just a little bit less overwhelmed.

Nothing in the medical world stays the same for long. We are here to update our resources and respond to the immediate concerns of those who seek our help. We stay informed on cutting edge research developments and treatment options, so you can continue to assess what to do next in the life of the child or the individual with the condition.

While Cerebral Palsy can add challenges to your and your child or loved ones life, it does not have to be isolating, or overwhelming. We seek to give you small, manageable goals that are practical for the whole family. We take sincere pride in bringing people together to create the best path to physical, mental and emotional wellness.

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Spastic Cerebral Palsy – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Posted: at 7:41 pm

Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type, making upover 70 percent of all CPdiagnoses.What is Spastic Cerebral Palsy?

Spastic cerebral palsy is a developmental disorder caused by damage to the brain before birth, during delivery, or within the first few years of life.

This condition prevents the normal development of motor function.

Spastic CP is characterized by jerky movements, muscle tightness and joint stiffness.

This type ofcerebral palsy often makes simple tasks more challenging, such as walking or picking up small objects. Some children with spastic CPalso develop co-occurring conditions as a result of their brain injury. These coexisting conditions can range from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) toepilepsy.

There are 4 main types of cerebral palsy, and each CP diagnosis can be further broken down tomore accurately describe ones brain damage and related symptoms. The various types of spastic cerebral palsy are classified based on the location of movement issues. For example, children with spastic CP may have muscle stiffness in one arm, both legs or one full sideof their body.

Muscle stiffness occurs primarily in the legs. This type of CP may also slightly affect mobility in the childs arms.

One side of the body is affected by movement problems, with the arm typically being stiffer than the leg.

All four limbs are affected, as well as the torso and face.Children with quadriplegia often have co-occurring disorders, such as epilepsy.

Cerebral palsy is a catch-all term for developmental movement disorders caused by a brain injury. Each type of cerebral palsy is caused by damage to a specific part of the brain.

Spastic cerebral palsyiscaused by damage to the motor cortex and the pyramidal tracts of the brain, which connect the motor cortex to the spinal cord.Understanding the function of the motor cortex and pyramidal tracts helps to explain how damage to these systems affects movement in those with spastic CP.

The motor cortex is located in the cerebral cortex, which is the largest part of the brain. The motor cortex is composed of several parts that are responsible for relaying signals to other parts of the brain to control movement.

The most important aspect of the motor cortex in relation to cerebral palsy is its regulation of voluntary movement. Damage to this region of the brain makes voluntary movement harder to control and less fluid, or spastic.

The pyramidal tracts in the brain are the roads of communication between the cerebral cortex and the nerves in the spinal cord. If pyramidal tracts are damaged, the motor cortex cant send proper signals to the spinal cord. The spinal cord is one half of the central nervous system, with the other half being the brain and brain stem. These parts of the brainareessential for sensory functions such as sight, touch and movement.

The motor cortex and pyramidal tracts may be damaged by:

Several risk factors may increase the likelihood of a developmental brain injury occurring. Poor maternal health and a low birth weight are just some of the risk factors for any type of cerebral palsy.

The signs and symptoms of spastic cerebral palsy are different for every child. Differences in symptoms depend on the severity of the childs brain injury and any co-occurring disorders that may be present.

In general, the most common symptoms of spastic CP are:

Co-occurring issues may also present themselves, such as hearing and vision impairment, but these arent directly related to the cerebral palsy; they are caused by the initial birth injury.

In the first years of a childs life, it can be very hard to recognize the signs of cerebral palsy. This is because symptoms typically do not present themselves until a child begins missing developmental milestones. During toddlerhood, many children tend toexhibit some of the same jerky reflexes associated with spastic CP. It can take up to 5 years of agebefore a full cerebral palsydiagnosis is reached.

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Treatment for spastic CP varies with each case. The severity of symptoms, thelocation of movement problems and any secondary conditions are the biggest factors in outlining treatment. However, there are five main routes of treatment for CP: physical, occupational and speech therapy, medication and surgery.

The first type of treatment prescribed to children with spastic CPis typicallyphysical therapy. The goal of physical therapy is to provide as much independence to the child as possible.This treatment is centered on flexibility exercises and stretching out stiff muscles.

Physical therapists will typically use daily range-of-motion (ROM) and stretching exercises to improve mobility of joints and soft tissues.Physical therapists often useage-appropriate toys and games to make the therapy enjoyable for the child.This type oftherapy can help improve overall motor function and prevent any future complications.

Another form of therapy used to treatchildren with spastic CP is occupational therapy. The goal of occupationaltherapy is to improve achilds ability to perform daily tasks and activities independently in the home, school, work and public environments.

Occupational therapists perform exercises that target certain muscles in the wrist, forearm, thumb and upper body. This treatment is beneficial forspastic CP because it focuses on improving motor control, bilateral coordination and upper body strength. Occupational therapists canalso assess the need for various assistive devices, such as adaptive scissors or writing utensils.

Speech therapy is used to improve oral movements in children with spastic CP. The objective of speech therapy is to strengthen the muscles used for speech, which helps with articulation and coordination.Some children with this type of CPmay experience drooling or difficulty swallowing or speaking. Performing exercises that incorporate assistive communication devices can help improve motor and cognitive abilities, as well as confidence.

Speech therapy provides the tools forchildren with spastic CPtoclearly communicate their thoughts and socialize with others. This form of therapy can also help makechewing, breathing and swallowing less difficult, allowingfor normal growth and development.

Medications,such asBenzodiazepines, are taken orally to relieve muscle stiffness and improve movement throughout the body.There are also medications that can treat muscle stiffness in specific parts of the body, such as the legs or arms.

Fora child with spastic CPthat also experiences seizures, doctorsoftenprescribe medications that can control the frequency of these episodes.Similarly, medications such as diazepam (Valium) can be used to relax muscles. This is particularly helpful in treating spasticity in the lower legs. The goal of using medications to treat this type ofCPshould be tofind medications with the most effective results, as well as the lowestamount of negative side effects.

Surgery may be a large part of treatment for children with spastic cerebral palsy. There are several types of surgeries that are used to correct joint dislocations, shortened muscles and sensory impairments that hinder normal motor function. Selective Doral Rhizotomy (SDR) is a common surgery associated with children who have spastic cerebral palsy. The goal of this surgery is to relax the muscles and improve mobility in variousareas.

Every child with CP is different, and some require more treatment than others. All parents should have the same goal when it comes to treatment, which is to give their child the best life possible.There is help available for parents exploring treatment options and the costs associated with their childs condition.

To learn more about spastic cerebral palsy, try downloading our free Cerebral Palsy Guide.Thisguideincludes over 60 pages of in-depth information for children and parents of a child with CP.

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Cerebral Palsy Lawyers – Birth Injury Attorney

Posted: December 14, 2017 at 1:45 pm

The anticipation and bliss of having a baby is usually not far from the anxiety that something will go wrong with the birthing process, possibly causing disabilities like cerebral palsy in the child. Cerebral palsy diagnoses increase every year and the cause may be linked to medical malpractice, in which case a cerebral palsy lawyer may be needed. learn more …

Exactly what is cerebral palsy? Cerebral palsy, or static encephalopathy, is the collective name used to describe a spectrum of chronic movement disorders affecting body and muscle coordination. These disorders are usually caused by damage to one or more areas of the brain. The movement problems can vary from barely noticeable to extremely severe. Learn more…

The numbers on cerebral palsy patients are growing every year. Currently, there are 800,000 children and adults in the United States alone affected by some type of cerebral palsy, and an additional 8,000 children are diagnosed each year. With each case being as unique as the individual it affects, the type of cerebral palsy treatment a patient requires will vary from person to person. learn more …

There is no doubt that special education for cerebral palsy patients will be needed at some point in their life. Whether it’s in just the first few years of education or continuously through their school career, these special programs will help them achieve their highest potential. learn more …

If you’re asking “Why does my child have Cerebral Palsy?” You can find out if it may be due to a medical error by contactingour network of affiliatedattorneystoday.

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Cerebral Palsy-Treatment Overview – WebMD

Posted: December 11, 2017 at 12:43 pm

Even though CP can’t be cured, a variety of treatments can help people who have CP to make the most of their abilities and physical strength, prevent complications, and improve their quality of life.

Specific treatment varies by individual and changes as needed if new issues develop. In general, treatment focuses on ways to maintain or improve a person’s quality of life and overall health.

Regular visits with your child’s doctor and specialists are important for monitoring your child’s condition.

Treatment for CP includes:

Physical therapy and special equipment may be used together, such as for constraint-induced movement therapy, also called shaping. This encourages a child to increase movements by presenting interesting activities or objects and giving praise and rewards when a child attempts to use the less-functioning muscles.

Ongoing treatment for cerebral palsy (CP) focuses on continuing and adjusting existing treatments and adding new treatments as needed.

Working with others involved with your child’s care, understanding your child’s needs and rights, and taking care of yourself and other family members are all important parts of treatment. For more information, see Home Treatment.

Physical therapy is an important treatment that begins soon after a child is diagnosed. It often continues throughout the child’s life. It may begin before a definite diagnosis is made, depending on the child’s symptoms.

Physical therapy may help prevent the need for surgery. But its focus may change after surgery or for problems that are new or getting worse. After surgery, specialized physical therapy may be needed for 6 months or longer.

Many people who have CP benefit from using something to maintain or improve joint mobility, help strengthen muscles and relax overactive (spastic) muscles, and assist with daily activities. These devices and equipment may include special crutches, orthotics, casts, standers, special seats, walkers, wheelchairs, special shoes, and other methods to help with specific problems.

The specific types of devices used depend on a child’s needs. For example, a child may get a cast after surgery or to restrict movement in one area to strengthen muscles and tendons in another part of the body. If both legs are affected by CP, a child can learn to move around with the help of a scooter board (a device used to self-propel while lying down), a modified stroller, a wheelchair, or other special equipment.

Other therapies may also be needed, depending on specific needs.

You may hear about a wide range of controversial treatments, some of which may cause harm. Several controversial treatments exist for CP, such as electrical stimulation and special diets. Be sure to talk to your doctor about any type of treatment you are considering for your child.

Many adults with CP get jobs if they have good support from their family and community. You can enroll your teen in occupational therapy as part of a gradual preparation for independent living. Your child may need extra help and encouragement to prepare for added expectations and responsibilities.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

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Stem Cell Treatment for Cerebral Palsy – Beike Biotechnology

Posted: at 12:43 pm

Nerve Growth Factor (NGF)

Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a member of the neurotrophic factor (neurotrophin, NTFS) family, which can prevent the death of nerve cells and has many features of typical neurotransmitter molecules. NGF plays an important role in the development and growth of nerve cells. NGF is synthesized and secreted by tissues (corneal epithelial, endothelial, and corneal stromal cells), and it can be up-taken by sympathetic or sensory nerve endings and then transported to be stored in neuronal cell bodies where it can promote the growth and differentiation of nerve cells.

NGF can exert neurotrophic effects on injured nerves and promote neurogenesis (the process of generating neurons from stem cells) that is closely related to the development and functional maintenance and repair of the central nervous system. It is also capable of promoting the regeneration of injured neurons in the peripheral nervous system, improving the pathology of neurons and protecting the nerves against hypoxia (lack of oxygen)/ischemia (lack of blood supply).

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Cerebral Palsy Treatment | Cerebral Palsy Guidance

Posted: at 12:43 pm

Cerebral palsy is a neuromuscular disorder that currently has no cure. However, there are a number of treatment options available to help your child improve their daily life.

Treatment will depend upon the type cerebral palsy your child has, as well as the severity of the condition. Most pediatricians will create a treatment goal plan, individualized to meet your childs needs. Although each treatment play may differ, the general goals of a treatment plan generally include a way to:

Certain medications help children with cerebral palsy to control symptoms, which can include muscle spasms, uncontrollable limb movements, and seizures. The most common medications prescribed for cerebral palsy include:

Keep in mind that although medication can be successful, some children will not benefit enough from it, and in these instances, surgery may be the next option.

Surgery can help people with cerebral palsy reduce spasms, increase flexibility, and gain more control of muscles and limbs. However, its important to note that surgery isnt an appropriate option for every child with cerebral palsy, and it also comes with risks.

After surgery, most children will need to be able to participate in post-operative physical therapy and rehabilitation. Sometimes, this isnt an option for some children. Your physician will do a complete physical examination to determine if your child qualifies for surgery.

The most common types of surgery for cerebral palsy is on the upper extremities of the body, such as the arms and shoulders. Yet, its not unusual for a cerebral palsy patientto undergo surgery on feet, ankles, legs, hips, wrists, arms, or shoulders, as well as on muscles, tendons, bones, or nerves (depending on treatment goals). Each individuals circumstance is unique, and his or her treatment will be unique, as well.

Surgery will on take place if the benefits of it will outweigh the risks that come along with it. Some surgeries carry the potential to create serious medical complications such as infection, bleeding, and loss of functions.

In turn, its important to remember that surgery will not magically cure your childs cerebral palsy, but it can help to make the disorder more manageable, which can greatly help in daily activities, school, and more.

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is another option that many parents opt for to approach treatment in a more holistic, natural way.

The most common types of CAM treatments for cerebral palsy patients include:

Energy Therapy: Energy therapy entails manipulating the childs energy fields in an attempt to promote well-being.

Movement Therapy: Movement therapy teaches body movements that help promote spiritual, physical emotional, and mental balance.

Mind and Body Techniques: Mind and body techniques include massage, acupuncture, hypnotherapy, guided meditations, guided imagery, yoga, breathing exercise, and more.

Aqua Therapy: Aqua therapy (also known as aquatic or water therapy) promotes physical function and control, muscle tone improvement, well-being, confidence, independence, and more.

Different forms of therapy can provide physical, mental, social, and academic benefits for children with cerebral palsy. If started early enough in a childs life, many forms of therapy for cerebral palsy can reduce impairment and the risks of developing other conditions associated with cerebral palsy.

Therapy is usually combined with other treatments, such as drug therapy, surgery, and assistive technology, which help benefit the child even further. When physicians determine the childs medical goals, they can then develop an individualized therapy plan.

Its important to note that therapy can also be extremely beneficial to parents and caregivers.For example, nutritional therapy can help people understand specific dietary needs, while behavioral therapy can help teach parents the benefits of positive reinforcement.

The following forms of therapy are the most common types for children (and sometimes adults) with cerebral palsy.

Physical therapy is one of the most important forms of therapy for children with cerebral palsy. In fact, most physicians recommend physical therapy for all children with cerebral palsy, regardless of how minor or severe the disorder is.

Goals of Physical Therapy for Children With Cerebral Palsy

Children diagnosed with cerebral palsy will have various degrees of muscle control, balance, and mobility, depending upon how severe the disorder is. Physical therapy helps with these issues by assisting children with balance, posture, crawling, climbing, walking, and muscle strength exercises.

In addition, physical therapy helps children with cerebral palsy to:

Occupational therapy helps children with cerebral palsy work on their functional performances while they are at school, home, in the community, and later on, at work. This form of therapy helps children successfully carry out tasks needed to be done each day.

A typical day of occupational therapy consists of the child being trained and guided by a therapist who helps him/her work on function exercises that will help with daily tasks. The childs current abilities, as well as limitations, will be taken into account in order to create a customized goal chart.

Children with cerebral palsy often have trouble forming words correctly. Speech therapy aims to help children understand the language better and assist in helping them with communication.

A speech and language pathologist helps find ways that the child can communicate successfully according to their own strengths and weaknesses. This can be done through sign language, cues, and with augmentative communication devices.

Goals are set for each child who attends speech therapy, which aims to help them communicate as effectively as possible.

Aqua therapy helps a child with cerebral palsy to improve muscle tone and physical functioning. Its especially beneficial for children with cerebral palsy who are unable to walk without assistance.

Although aqua therapy helps with muscle tone and physical functioning, its different than physical therapy in that it takes place in water, typically a swimming pool, which combines both aerobic and anaerobic exercises in a way thats easy for children with cerebral palsy to perform.

Massage therapy is extremely beneficial to children with cerebral palsy, as it improves muscle tone and function via skin stimulation.

Research indicates that massage therapy is a proven way to help children with cerebral palsy benefit therapeutically while helping the lymphatic, musculoskeletal, and circulatory system. It can also assist in helping children deal with chronic pain, a side effect for many people with cerebral palsy.

Regardless of disabilities, almost all children enjoy playtime, and play therapy helps them learn to express themselves better. Although playing is something that tends to be natural and comes easily for most children, those with cerebral palsy may find it a bit more challenging than others.

Play and social therapy gives parents, caregivers, and loved ones the opportunity to see how the child reacts and interacts in a social environment while playing. This can be extremely beneficial at home, especially for children who have difficulties with communication.

According to the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA), music therapy helps to establish a promising and therapeutic relationship between the child in therapy and the instructor. Furthermore, children who participate in music therapy may experience an increase in learning, motivation, relaxation, and language skills.

Behavioral therapy helps children who are having difficulties with emotions and who act out through inappropriate behavior. Behavior therapy uses positive reinforcement to help change negative behavior to positive.

Thoughts, beliefs, and emotions are explored via behavioral therapy, which helps the therapist pinpoint difficult situations the child is enduring and in turn, help to empower and uplift the patient in order to change to appropriate behavior.

Chiropractic care is considered a complementary form of treatment for cerebral palsy, that focuses on disorders and issues within themusculoskeletal system and the nervous system. Many parents turn to chiropractic care after not finding success in traditional treatments. A number of studies indicate that many children with cerebral palsy who underwent chiropractic care saw dramatic, positive results.

Chiropractors focus on pain relief in patients, back and spine, feet, legs, hands, and neck. There are numerous different chiropractic techniques that can be used, and some children have experienced a difference after their first appointment and session.

Medical marijuana has become increasingly popular in treating a variety of medical issues, including many of the associated disorders of cerebral palsy. Studies indicate that medical marijuana can help relieve/reduce seizures, help with pain, reduce the severity of muscle spasms, and help with speech. Currently, not all states allow the use of medical marijuana, so its important to understand you states laws before trying it as treatment.

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Cerebral Palsy in Adults | Treatment of CP in Adults

Posted: December 6, 2017 at 6:45 pm

Generally defined: cerebral palsy is physical condition that inhibits the brain from properly controlling the functions of the body, particularly motor skills.

Cerebral palsy in adults and children can have a variety of physical manifestations that range from highly debilitating to highly manageable through a comprehensive treatment program.

Physical treatment should be augmented with support from those who have experienced CP before. Visit our cerebral palsy chat room resource page and let the strength of others in your situation become your own.

Statistics show that there are approximately half a million cases of cerebral palsy in adults and children in the United States with 4,500 new cases each year.

Cerebral palsy can be the result of complications in pregnancy, difficult childbirth, medical negligence related to either of these events, or a traumatic brain injury accident in the first few years of life. Cerebral palsy in adults is therefore a condition that these patients have had for all, or most, of their lives.

Many people with cerebral palsy can live a long productive life. Ninety eight percent of the general population survives into their twenties as compared to ninety percent of the population that has cerebral palsy.

Life expectancy and quality of life is contingent upon the severity of cerebral palsy in adults. Children who have severe mental retardation or considerable physical impairment have less of a chance of reaching adulthood. Only seven in ten of these patients will survive into their twenties.

There is no cure for cerebral palsy in adults or children. Early intervention and a comprehensive rehabilitative therapy program is the best way to manage cerebral palsy in adults and children. Treatment of cerebral palsy in adults and children can involve a whole host of different therapies including: speech and language therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, the use of adaptive equipment, surgical procedures, and other therapeutic techniques.

Treatment of cerebral palsy in adults may include a number of services that foster and facilitate functional living. Vocational and educational training can increase functioning in cases of cerebral palsy in adults. Personal assistance services, recreational and leisure activity participation, counselling, independent living services, employment opportunities, and other services are available to adults with cerebral palsy.

Cerebral palsy in adults should be considered by parents who have children with cerebral palsy. A plan should be prepared with regards to handling care of cerebral palsy in adults if parents or guardians should pass before their child is able to adequately care for him or herself. Estate planning and other guardianship matters involving cerebral palsy in adults is also important to consider.

Cerebral palsy in adults and children does not bar these individuals from experiencing a full and satisfying life. Problems of cerebral palsy in adults can often be traced back to medical negligence or other violations that occurred throughout development. If cerebral palsy in adults is complicated as a result of another party’s wrongful actions or negligence, you should speak to a qualified legal professional who can advise you of your legal rights and options in a case to recover your losses.

For more information about cerebral palsy in adults, pleasecontact our cerebral palsy lawyers to confer with a specialized cerebral palsy attorney who can protect and maximize your interests in a legal case.

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About Cerebral Palsy | What is CP? | CerebralPalsy.org

Posted: November 25, 2017 at 8:42 pm

What is Cerebral Palsy?

While Cerebral Palsy (pronounced seh-ree-brel pawl-zee) is a blanket term commonly described by loss or impairment of motor function, Cerebral Palsy is actually caused by brain damage.

The brain damage is caused by brain injury or abnormal development of the brain that occurs while a childs brain is still developing before birth, during birth, or immediately after.

Cerebral Palsy affects body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance. It can also impact fine motor skills, gross motor skills and oral motor functioning.

Signs and symptoms of Cerebral Palsy may not always be apparent at birth. The child will likely experience a delay in development and growth milestones.

About two to three children out of every 1,000 have Cerebral Palsy studies in the United States studies have yielded rates as low as 2.3 per 1,000 children to as high as 3.6 per 1,000 children.

Today, although there is no cure for Cerebral Palsy, but the condition can be managed and individuals with Cerebral Palsy can live a long, healthy and quality life. To learn about the various aspects of Cerebral Palsy, click on the links below.

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