Page 11234..1020..»

Coronary artery disease – Wikipedia

Posted: July 23, 2018 at 7:45 am

Coronary artery diseaseSynonymsAtherosclerotic heart disease,[1] atherosclerotic vascular disease,[2] coronary heart disease[3]Illustration depicting atherosclerosis in a coronary artery.SpecialtyCardiology, cardiac surgerySymptomsChest pain, shortness of breath[4]ComplicationsHeart failure, abnormal heart rhythms[5]CausesAtherosclerosis of the arteries of the heart[6]Risk factorsHigh blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol[6][7]Diagnostic methodElectrocardiogram, cardiac stress test, coronary computed tomographic angiography, coronary angiogram[8]PreventionHealthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking[9]TreatmentPercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)[10]MedicationAspirin, beta blockers, nitroglycerin, statins[10]Frequency110 million (2015)[11]Deaths8.9 million (2015)[12] Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD),[13] refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.[14] It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type.[15] A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw.[4] Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest.[4] Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present.[4] In many cases, the first sign is a heart attack.[5] Other complications include heart failure or an abnormal heartbeat.[5] Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, depression, and excessive alcohol.[6][7][16] The underlying mechanism involves reduction of blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle due to atherosclerosis of the arteries of the heart.[6] A number of tests may help with diagnoses including: electrocardiogram, cardiac stress testing, coronary computed tomographic angiography, and coronary angiogram, among others.[8] Ways to reduce CAD risk include eating a healthy diet, regularly exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking.[9] Medications for diabetes, high cholesterol, or high blood pressure are sometimes used.[9] There is limited evidence for screening people who are at low risk and do not have symptoms.[17] Treatment involves the same measures as prevention.[10][18] Additional medications such as antiplatelets (including aspirin), beta blockers, or nitroglycerin may be recommended.[10] Procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may be used in severe disease.[10][19] In those with stable CAD it is unclear if PCI or CABG in addition to the other treatments improves life expectancy or decreases heart attack risk.[20] In 2015 CAD affected 110 million people and resulted in 8.9 million deaths.[11][12] It makes up 15.9% of all deaths making it the most common cause of death globally.[12] The risk of death from CAD for a given age has decreased between 1980 and 2010, especially in developed countries.[21] The number of cases of CAD for a given age has also decreased between 1990 and 2010.[22] In the United States in 2010 about 20% of those over 65 had CAD, while it was present in 7% of those 45 to 64, and 1.3% of those 18 to 45.[23] Rates are higher among men than women of a given age.[23] Chest pain that occurs regularly with activity, after eating, or at other predictable times is termed stable angina and is associated with narrowings of the arteries of the heart. Angina that changes in intensity, character or frequency is termed unstable Continue reading

Posted in ALS Treatment | Comments Off on Coronary artery disease – Wikipedia

Coronary heart disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

Posted: at 7:45 am

Welcome to Medical News Today Healthline Media, Inc. would like to process and share personal data (e.g., mobile ad id) and data about your use of our site (e.g., content interests) with our third party partners (see a current list) using cookies and similar automatic collection tools in order to a) personalize content and/or offers on our site or other sites, b) communicate with you upon request, and/or c) for additional reasons upon notice and, when applicable, with your consent. Continue reading

Posted in ALS Treatment | Comments Off on Coronary heart disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

Coronary Heart Disease – Ischaemic heart disease – British …

Posted: at 7:45 am

Over time, fatty material called atheroma can build up inside the walls of your arteries. This is known as atherosclerosis.If this build up happens in the arteries that supply your heart with blood, it is called coronary heart disease. Eventually, your arteries may become so narrow because of this build up that they cannot deliver enough oxygen-rich blood to your heart Continue reading

Posted in ALS Treatment | Comments Off on Coronary Heart Disease – Ischaemic heart disease – British …

5 Types of Heart Disease Symptoms, Risk Factors, Causes …

Posted: at 7:45 am

How is heart (cardiovascular) disease diagnosed? The diagnosis of cardiovascular disease begins by taking the patient’s history. The health-care professional needs to understand the patient’s symptoms and this may be difficult. Continue reading

Posted in ALS Treatment | Comments Off on 5 Types of Heart Disease Symptoms, Risk Factors, Causes …

Home Remedies For Coronary Heart Disease | Speedy Remedies

Posted: at 7:45 am

What is Coronary Heart Disease?Coronary Heart Disease is also known as Coronary Artery Disease. Following hints from the name itself one can very well guess the nature of this disease which is related to the heart and coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. In this disease, the coronary arteries become clogged hence hampering the blood supply up to the heart and thereby denying the heart its fair share of oxygen ant other vital nutrients. Continue reading

Posted in ALS Treatment | Comments Off on Home Remedies For Coronary Heart Disease | Speedy Remedies

Coronary artery disease – Wikipedia

Posted: at 7:45 am

Coronary artery diseaseSynonymsAtherosclerotic heart disease,[1] atherosclerotic vascular disease,[2] coronary heart disease[3]Illustration depicting atherosclerosis in a coronary artery.SpecialtyCardiology, cardiac surgerySymptomsChest pain, shortness of breath[4]ComplicationsHeart failure, abnormal heart rhythms[5]CausesAtherosclerosis of the arteries of the heart[6]Risk factorsHigh blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol[6][7]Diagnostic methodElectrocardiogram, cardiac stress test, coronary computed tomographic angiography, coronary angiogram[8]PreventionHealthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking[9]TreatmentPercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)[10]MedicationAspirin, beta blockers, nitroglycerin, statins[10]Frequency110 million (2015)[11]Deaths8.9 million (2015)[12] Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD),[13] refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.[14] It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type.[15] A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw.[4] Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest.[4] Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present.[4] In many cases, the first sign is a heart attack.[5] Other complications include heart failure or an abnormal heartbeat.[5] Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, depression, and excessive alcohol.[6][7][16] The underlying mechanism involves reduction of blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle due to atherosclerosis of the arteries of the heart.[6] A number of tests may help with diagnoses including: electrocardiogram, cardiac stress testing, coronary computed tomographic angiography, and coronary angiogram, among others.[8] Ways to reduce CAD risk include eating a healthy diet, regularly exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking.[9] Medications for diabetes, high cholesterol, or high blood pressure are sometimes used.[9] There is limited evidence for screening people who are at low risk and do not have symptoms.[17] Treatment involves the same measures as prevention.[10][18] Additional medications such as antiplatelets (including aspirin), beta blockers, or nitroglycerin may be recommended.[10] Procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may be used in severe disease.[10][19] In those with stable CAD it is unclear if PCI or CABG in addition to the other treatments improves life expectancy or decreases heart attack risk.[20] In 2015 CAD affected 110 million people and resulted in 8.9 million deaths.[11][12] It makes up 15.9% of all deaths making it the most common cause of death globally.[12] The risk of death from CAD for a given age has decreased between 1980 and 2010, especially in developed countries.[21] The number of cases of CAD for a given age has also decreased between 1990 and 2010.[22] In the United States in 2010 about 20% of those over 65 had CAD, while it was present in 7% of those 45 to 64, and 1.3% of those 18 to 45.[23] Rates are higher among men than women of a given age.[23] Chest pain that occurs regularly with activity, after eating, or at other predictable times is termed stable angina and is associated with narrowings of the arteries of the heart. Angina that changes in intensity, character or frequency is termed unstable Continue reading

Posted in Coronary Heart Diseases | Comments Off on Coronary artery disease – Wikipedia

Home Remedies For Coronary Heart Disease | Speedy Remedies

Posted: at 7:45 am

What is Coronary Heart Disease?Coronary Heart Disease is also known as Coronary Artery Disease. Following hints from the name itself one can very well guess the nature of this disease which is related to the heart and coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. In this disease, the coronary arteries become clogged hence hampering the blood supply up to the heart and thereby denying the heart its fair share of oxygen ant other vital nutrients Continue reading

Posted in Coronary Heart Diseases | Comments Off on Home Remedies For Coronary Heart Disease | Speedy Remedies

Ulcerative colitis – Wikipedia

Posted: at 7:44 am

Ulcerative colitisEndoscopic image of a colon affected by ulcerative colitis. The internal surface of the colon is blotchy and broken in places.SpecialtyGastroenterologySymptomsAbdominal pain, diarrhea mixed with blood, weight loss, fever, anemia[1]ComplicationsMegacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, colon cancer[1][2]Usual onset1530 years or > 60 years[1]DurationLong term[1]CausesUnknown[1]Diagnostic methodColonoscopy with tissue biopsies[1]Differential diagnosisDysentery, Crohn’s disease, ischemic colitis[3]TreatmentDietary changes, medication, surgery[1]MedicationSulfasalazine, mesalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, biological therapy[1]FrequencyUp to 5 per 1000 people[4]Deaths47,400 together with Crohn’s (2015)[5] Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.[1][6] The primary symptom of active disease is abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood.[1] Weight loss, fever, and anemia may also occur.[1] Often symptoms come on slowly and can range from mild to severe.[1] Symptoms typically occur intermittently with periods of no symptoms between flares.[1] Complications may include megacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, and colon cancer.[1][2] The cause of UC is unknown.[1] Theories involve immune system dysfunction, genetics, changes in the normal gut bacteria, and environmental factors.[1][7] Rates tend to be higher in the developed world with some proposing this to be the result of less exposure to intestinal infections, or a Western diet and lifestyle.[6][8] The removal of the appendix at an early age may be protective.[8] Diagnosis is typically by colonoscopy with tissue biopsies.[1] It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn’s disease and microscopic colitis.[1] Dietary changes may improve symptoms such as maintaining a high-calorie diet or lactose free diet.[1] Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biological therapy.[1] Removal of the colon by surgery may be necessary if the disease is severe, does not respond to treatment, or if complications such as colon cancer develop.[1] Removal of the colon and rectum can cure the disease.[1][8] Together with Crohn’s disease about 11.2 million people were affected as of 2015.[9] Each year it newly occurs in 1 to 20 per 100,000 people, and 5 to 500 per 100,000 individuals are affected.[6][8] The disease is more common in North America and Europe than other regions.[8] Often it begins in people aged 15 to 30 years, or among those over 60.[1] Males and females appear to be affected in equal proportions.[6] It has also become more common since the 1950s.[6][8] Together, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease affect approximately a million people in the United States.[10] With appropriate treatment the risk of death appears the same as that of the general population.[2] The first description of ulcerative colitis occurred around the 1850s.[8] The clinical presentation[13] of ulcerative colitis depends on the extent of the disease process. Patients usually present with diarrhea mixed with blood and mucus, of gradual onset that persists for an extended period (weeks) Continue reading

Posted in Ulcerative Colitis | Comments Off on Ulcerative colitis – Wikipedia

Ulcerative colitis | pathology | Britannica.com

Posted: at 7:44 am

Ulcerative colitis, inflammation of the large intestine (colon), especially of its mucous membranes, characterized by patches of tiny ulcers in the inflamed membranese. Continue reading

Posted in Ulcerative Colitis | Comments Off on Ulcerative colitis | pathology | Britannica.com

Ulcerative Colitis | ACG Patients

Posted: at 7:44 am

Medical treatment of ulcerative colitis generally focuses on two separate goals: the induction of remission (making a sick person well) and the maintenance of remission (keeping a well person from getting sick again). Surgery is also a treatment option for UC and will be discussed separately. Continue reading

Posted in Ulcerative Colitis | Comments Off on Ulcerative Colitis | ACG Patients

Page 11234..1020..»