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Heart Disease – Lab Tests Online

Posted: December 30, 2018 at 2:45 pm

Sources Used in Current Review Different Heart Diseases. Continue reading

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Types of Heart Disease | Covenant HealthCare

Posted: at 2:45 pm

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.More than 62 million Americans have some form of cardiovascular disease.At Covenant HealthCare, we want to see individuals live a long and healthy life. Thats why were working hard to tackle the issue of heart disease here in mid-Michigan. Continue reading

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Testosterone (medication) – Wikipedia

Posted: December 29, 2018 at 10:44 pm

This article is about testosterone as a medication. For the natural hormone, see Testosterone.TestosteroneClinical dataPronunciation teh-STOS-t-rohn[1] Trade namesAndroGel, Testim, TestoGel, othersSynonymsAndrost-4-en-17-ol-3-oneAHFS/Drugs.comMonographMedlinePlusa614041License dataPregnancycategoryRoutes ofadministrationTransdermal (gel, cream, solution, patch), by mouth (as testosterone undecanoate), in the cheek, intranasal (gel), intramuscular injection (as esters), subcutaneous pelletsDrug classAndrogen, anabolic steroidATC codeLegal statusLegal statusPharmacokinetic dataBioavailabilityOral: very low (due to extensive first pass metabolism)Protein binding97.099.5% (to SHBG and albumin)[2]MetabolismLiver (mainly reduction and conjugation)Elimination half-life24hours[citation needed]ExcretionUrine (90%), feces (6%)Identifiers O=C4C=C2/[[email protected]]([[email protected]]1CC[[email protected]@]3([[email protected]@H](O)CC[[email protected]]3[[email protected]@H]1CC2)C)(C)CC4 Testosterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.[3] It is used to treat male hypogonadism and certain types of breast cancer.[3] It may also be used to increase athletic ability in the form of doping.[3] It is unclear if the use of testosterone for low levels due to aging is beneficial or harmful.[4] Testosterone can be used as a gel or patch that is applied to the skin, injection into a muscle, tablet that is placed in the cheek, or tablet that is taken by mouth.[3] Common side effects of testosterone include acne, swelling, and breast enlargement in men.[3] Serious side effects may include liver toxicity, heart disease, and behavioral changes.[3] Women and children who are exposed may develop masculinization.[3] It is recommended that individuals with prostate cancer not use the medication.[3] It can cause harm to the baby if used during pregnancy or breastfeeding.[3] Testosterone is in the androgen family of medications.[3] Testosterone was first isolated in 1935.[5] Rates of use have increased three times in the United States between 2001 and 2011.[6] It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.[7] It is available as a generic medication.[3] The price depends on the dose and form of the product.[8] The primary use of testosterone is the treatment of males with too little or no natural testosterone production, also termed hypogonadism or hypoandrogenism (androgen deficiency).[9] This treatment is referred to as hormone replacement therapy (HRT), or alternatively, and more specifically, as testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) or androgen replacement therapy (ART) Continue reading

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Nursing Care Plan for Myocardial Infarction | NRSNG

Posted: at 10:42 pm

Pathophysiology Cardiac muscle tissue death from lack of blood flow. The blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the cells. When this is decreased, cells die also called necrosis. Continue reading

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Ulcerative Colitis: Causes and Risk Factors

Posted: December 28, 2018 at 12:50 pm

The exact causes of ulcerative colitis (the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)) is not known, but there are several theories. Ultimately, scientists believe that there is more than one cause and that the several different factors work together to cause the disease. Further, the cause for one particular individual with the disease could be different from anothers Continue reading

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Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms: What’s Normal? | HealthCentral

Posted: at 12:50 pm

An ulcerative colitis (UC) diagnosis can bring about changes you never thought you'd face. But, if you're newly diagnosed, or even if you've had your diagnosis for a while, how do you know whats normal and whats cause for alarm when it comes to UC Continue reading

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What is Heart Disease?, HHS, NIH, NHLBI

Posted: at 12:49 pm

What is Heart Disease? Continue reading

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9 Benefits of Human Growth Hormone (Along with Side …

Posted: December 27, 2018 at 4:47 pm

If youre a sports fan, youve probably heard of human growth hormone more commonly known as HGH and associate it with cheating and steroid use. Continue reading

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Growth hormone deficiency – Wikipedia

Posted: at 4:47 pm

Growth hormone deficiencySynonymsPituitary dwarfismGrowth hormoneSpecialtyEndocrinologySymptomsShort height[1]ComplicationsLow blood sugar, high cholesterol levels, poor bone density[1][2]TypesCongenital, acquired[1]CausesNot enough growth hormone[3]Risk factorsGenetics, trauma, infections, tumors, radiation therapy[2]Diagnostic methodBlood tests for growth hormone[2]Differential diagnosisSmall for gestational age, Turner syndrome, Noonan syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome[2]TreatmentGrowth hormone replacement[1]FrequencyUnclear[2] Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a medical condition due to not enough growth hormone (GH).[3] Generally the most noticeable symptom is a short height.[1] In newborns there may be low blood sugar or a small penis.[2] In adults there may be decreased muscle mass, high cholesterol levels, or poor bone density.[1] GHD can be present at birth or develop later in life.[1] Causes may include genetics, trauma, infections, tumors, or radiation therapy.[2] Genes that may be involved include GH1, GHRHR, or BTK.[3] In a third of cases no cause is apparent.[2] The underlying mechanism generally involves problems with the pituitary gland.[2] Some cases are associated with a lack of other pituitary hormones, in which case it is known as combined pituitary hormone deficiency.[4] Diagnosis involves blood tests to measure growth hormone levels.[2] Treatment is by growth hormone replacement.[1] The frequency of the condition is unclear.[2] Most cases are initially noticed in children.[1] The genetic forms are estimated to affect about 1 in 7,000 people.[3] Most types occur equally in males and females though males are more often diagnosed.[2] Severe prenatal deficiency of GH, as occurs in congenital hypopituitarism, has little effect on fetal growth. However, prenatal and congenital deficiency can reduce the size of a male's penis, especially when gonadotropins are also deficient. Besides micropenis in males, additional consequences of severe deficiency in the first days of life can include hypoglycemia and exaggerated jaundice (both direct and indirect hyperbilirubinemia). Continue reading

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Overview of Cardiomyopathies – Cardiovascular Disorders …

Posted: at 4:47 pm

A cardiomyopathy is a primary disorder of the heart muscle. It is distinct from structural cardiac disorders such as coronary artery disease, valvular disorders, and congenital heart disorders. Continue reading

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